天道首页 > 托福考试 > 托福名师点评

这样做托福阅读 各种题型都不怕

责任编辑:candy.geng来源:互联网时间:2018-10-12 15:15:33点击:

托福阅读的成败就在于知道答案在哪里,我们要怎么做呢?一起看看天道小编给大家整理的内容,赶紧了解吧。

关键词: 托福阅读托福阅读练习托福阅读文章技巧

  托福阅读的成败就在于知道答案在哪里,我们要怎么做呢?一起看看天道小编给大家整理的内容,赶紧了解吧。

  1.逻辑关系最重要

  一般来讲,托福阅读中常见的逻辑关系主要有转折逻辑、并列逻辑、比较逻辑、因果逻辑、举例逻辑五种。

  逻辑是一篇文章的灵魂,也是出题者的集中地,考试中经常以混淆逻辑关系为出题点,所以快速识别出文章中的逻辑关系绝对是阅读备考的重中之重。托福文章多以科普性文章居多,有时逻辑关系表达的比较隐晦,一时间可能难以识别,但是这些都可以通过平时的训练进行提高,直至形成条件性反射。

  下面就是为大家整理的一些逻辑关系的提示词,看到这些词,大家就要警觉起来,迅速识别出是哪种逻辑关系!但是这些提示词也仅供参考,大家还是要考虑具体语境。

  注:以下例句均出自托福TPO阅读。

  转折逻辑

  这是必须掌握的逻辑关系,很容易出题。我们把让步与转折都归到这里,因为它们的提示词往往很相似,但是具体是让步还是转折我们还是根据语境分析。转折,常见于前后具有两个完全相反的意思;而让步往往有欲扬先抑、先贬后煲的意味,提及的信息有一种预料之外的感觉。

  but / however 最容易辨别的提示词

  The green iceberg did not contain large amounts of particles from these organisms, butthe ice had accumulated dissolved organic matter from the seawater.

  even though / even if 虽然,即使

  Even if the new population is of a different species, it can approximately fill the niche vacated by the extinct population and keep the food web intact.

  nonetheless / nevertheless 尽管如此,然而

  A warm-blooded turtle may seem to be a contradiction in terms. Nonetheless, an adult leatherback can maintain a body temperature of between 25 and 26°C (77-79°F) in seawater that is only 8°C (46.4°F).

  despite / in spite of 尽管

  But the shortage of crews proved to be a greater and greater problem, despitecontinuous appeal to Venic’s tradition of maritime greatness.

  at least 隐含让步

  At least in temperate zones, maximum diversity is often found in mid-successional stages, not in the climax community.

  seem to后常见转折

  One Lascaux narrative picture, which shows a man with a birdlike head and a wounded animal, would seem to lend credence to this third opinion, but there is still much that remains unexplained.

  并列逻辑

  出现并列时要注意,要迅速把并列对象联系起来,很可能会在except题中出现。同时,某些并列词常伴随着对比转折关系。

  and / both ……and…… 最明显的并列提示词。名词间用and连接表并列,句子间用and连接常表递进

  It swims farther into the cold of the northern and southern oceans than any other sea turtle, and it deals with the chilly waters in a way unique among reptiles.

  between……and…… / among

  Generally, there is uncertainty as to whether very young children can distinguishbetween fantasy and reality in advertising.

  as well as 还有

  All had immediate access to the sea, and this had important implications for a significant international resource, fish, as well as for cheap transport, merchant marines, and the shipbuilding industry.

  together with 伴随

  Recent measurements made in the field together with laboratory simulations offer a promising explanation of how this structure of charged particles forms.

  comprise / consist 包含

  The greater Pacific region, traditionally called Oceania, consists of three cultural areas: Melanesia, Micronesia, and Polynesia.

  either……or…… / neither……nor……

  Steam also promised to eliminate a transportation problem not fully solved by eithercanal boats or turnpikes.

  apart from 除了

  Apart from statues representing deities, kings, and named members of the elite that can be called formal, there is another group of three-dimensional representations that depicts generic figures, frequently servants, from the nonelite population.

  比较逻辑

  主要集中在相同相似、相反相异、比较级与最高级。另外,在涉及到两个不同的对象,转折逻辑可以转换为比较逻辑。

  previously 时间先后对比

  Previously, large audiences had viewed spectacles at the theater, where vaudeville, popular dramas, musical and minstrel shows, classical plays, lectures, and slide-and-lantern shows had been presented to several hundred spectators at a time.

  the first time 第一次 隐含的和以前的比较,以前没有过

  For the first time, people began to talk about ice ages.

  比较级

  Mass-produced goods were accompanied by fewer more aesthetically impressive objects such as statuettes.

  最高级

  It was constructed in the latest Italian style

  倍数

  Furthermore, other studies show that Caucasian American mother-child pairs talk about past events three times more often than do Korean mother-child pairs.

  similar / same / different 表相同相似与不同

  The Kinetoscope parlors functioned in a similar way.

  relatively / comparatively

  On Mars, there are relatively few craters less than 5 kilometers in diameter.

  rather than 而不是,两者对比

  There is little doubt, however, that desertification in most areas results primarily from human activities rather than natural processes.

  by contrast 与前者正反对比

  By contrast, the large zebra lives on the masses of low-quality stem material.

  likewise 同样地

  The wildebeests follow, in their migration, the pattern of local rainfall. The other species do likewise.

  some……others…… 转折逻辑可以转换为比较逻辑

  It is anthropologically important to inquire into the conditions that made some societies adopt agriculture while others remained hunter-gatherers or horticulturalists.

  因果逻辑

  一定要搞清楚原因和结果,常见错误选项设置即因果倒置。

  because / so / therefore 最明显的因果逻辑提示词

  Because the surface of the water table is not flat but instead rises and falls with topography, groundwater is affected by gravity in the same fashion as surface water.

  cause / lead to 原因导致结果

  In Europe as a whole, the exceptional reduction in the population and the related fall in demand for grain since the beginning of the seventeenth century had caused the price of agricultural products to fall.

  result / consequence 结果是……的原因

  The great height of Martian volcanoes is a direct consequence of the planet’s low surface gravity.

  after 后面跟隐含的原因

  After projectors became popular, Edison lost money, and although he had previously refused to develop projection technology, now be was forced to do so.

  once 后面跟隐含的原因

  Once seen by the natives, such objects created a fashion which rapidly spread through the province.

  举例逻辑

  举例是把一类事物落实到具体的事物上,常见于推断题。例如:

  我喜欢打游戏,比如荒野行动。

  可推出“荒野行动是游戏”以及“我喜欢荒野行动”。

  such as

  The use of celebrities such as singers and movie stars is common in advertising.

  like

  Consequently, the timing and rhythms of biological functions must closely match periodic events like the solar day, the tides, the lunar cycle, and the seasons.

  2.隐含否定要警惕

  文章中出现否定也要特别注意,往往也是出题点,有可能把肯定变成否定,否定变肯定,而且往往会出现一些隐性否定词,大家也学会识别。例如:

  否定词

  underestimate;not at all;in the absence of;difficult;it is not surprising that;rarely;oppositely;unable to;prevent from;exclude exclusion;little;keep from;compromise;unreliable;nonagricultural;discard;have nothing to do;a lack of。

  3.不同态度要弄清

  托福阅读中关于态度的表达主要集中在学者的态度与公众的态度两种,常见态度有疑问、矛盾、不确定、惊讶、正面、负面。

  态度词

  underestimate 低估;look down on 看不起;look up to 尊敬;think / believe 态度提示词;favor / unfavor;support;withstand;contradictory;susceptible;suitable;unique;

  contradiction;problem;suspect;work perfectly;criticize;vital

  4.学术词汇不能忘

  学术词汇分为学术名词与学术动词,主要是涉及到举例、定义、实验、说明等情况,也是需要特别注意的词。

  学术名词

  type;standard;result;factor;feature;explanation;theory;experiment

  evidence;solution;context;foundation;view;answer;clue;evidence

  学术动词

  introduce;illustrate;demonstrate;identify;show;reveal;find;provide;produce

  indicate;demonstrate;recognize;represent;suggest;assume;retain;discover

  希望上面的内容能给有需要的同学提供帮助,也希望同学们可以取得好成绩。如果想了解更多关于托福阅读文章技巧及相关信息,请关注天道教育平台的托福考试频道,小编也会持续为大家更新信息。出国留学,我们一直在!

  天道留学考试系列APP 强势来袭

  ·留学考试全覆盖

  覆盖托福/雅思/GRE/GMAT/SAT/ACT六大主流留学考试。

  ·海量真题题库

  全真题测试,覆盖单项、考点、分级、词汇,做最权威的题。

  ·智能批改报告

  智能评分、多维度分析,学习问题一目了然。

  ·全真模考演练

  听说读写仿真模考,在线考官口语评测,真如考场。

  ·金牌名师讲解

  金牌名师趣味讲解轻松攻克难点,精彩视频直播课程随时听。

  ·个性化提分方案

  私人订制备考建议和学习方案,提分就是如此简单。

  活动精彩呈现:

  活动1:机经真题随身练

  托福机经;雅思剑桥真题;GMAT:OG,GWD,PREP;GRE:PP2,巴朗,Kaplan随时召唤!

  活动2:免费获得价值4980元的600分钟精品课程

  活动3:价值万元20G留学资料(限定前100名)

  精彩不容错过 立即下载 http://tiandaoedu.com/topic/tdksapp/

同学托福100+ 用这招超过他

大家都在关注

分享到:

  • 考试系列APP上线
  • 托福口语 短期提分终极武器

请输入验证码关闭

  • 考试系列APP上线

免责声明:①凡本站注明“本文来源:天道教育”的所有文字、图片和音视频稿件,版权均属本网所有,任何媒体、网站或个人未经本网协议授权不得转载、链接、转贴或以其他方式复制发表。已经本站协议授权的媒体、网站,在下载使用时必须注明“稿件来源:天道留学”,违者本站将依法追究责任。②本站注明稿件来源为其他媒体的文/图等稿件均为转载稿,本站转载出于非商业性的教育和科研之目的,并不意味着赞同其观点或证实其内容的真实性。如转载稿涉及版权等问题,请作者在两周内速来电或来函联系。

关于天道天道历史资质荣誉特色优势媒体报道企业招聘更多
培训服务北美课程北美课程特色英联邦课程英联邦课程特色天道培训优势更多
培训课程SAT课程托福课程雅思课程GRE课程GMAT课程更多
高分学员榜SAT高分学员托福高分学员雅思高分学员GRE高分学员GMAT高分学员更多
名师风采五星名师多对一教学加辅导海归+名校多年教学经验内部教材独家研发更多
");}(document);