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从低分范例解析托福口语tips,成功逆袭!

责任编辑:haiyan.li来源:互联网时间:2019-07-02 11:32:57点击:

  详细备考托福口语的同学们已经看过无数种提升托福口语的技巧了,今天天道小编另辟蹊径,为大家解读低分的托福口语范例,从中总结托福考试中要注意的问题和经验,希望能够帮助大家避开导致低分的因素,更好的应对考试。

关键词: 托福考试托福口语托福口语技巧托福口语评分标准托福口语范例

  详细备考托福口语的同学们已经看过无数种提升托福口语的技巧了,今天天道小编另辟蹊径,为大家解读低分的托福口语范例,从中总结托福考试中要注意的问题和经验,希望能够帮助大家避开导致低分的因素,更好的应对考试。

  首先还是以综合第三题为例,来讲解托福口语低分段评分标准。

  Reading

  Announcement from the President

  The university has decided to increase tuition and fees for all students by approximately 8 percent next semester. For the past five years, the tuition and fees have remained the same, but it is necessary to increase them now for several reasons. The university has many more students than we had five years ago, and we must hire additional professors to teach these students, We have also made a new commitment to research and technology and will be renovating and upgrading our laboratory facilities to better meet our students’ needs.

  Listening

  Man: Great, now we have to come up with more money for next semester.

  Woman: Yeah, I know, but I can see why. When I first started here, classes were so much smaller than they are now. With these many students, it's hard to get the personal attention you need.

  Man: Yeah, I guess you're right. In some classes I can't even get a seat. And I couldn’t take the math course I wanted to because it was already full when I signed up.

  Woman: And the other thing is, well, I am kind of worried about not being able to get a job after I graduate.

  Man: Why? You're doing really well in your classes, aren't you?

  Woman: I'm doing OK, but the facilities here are so limited. There are some great new experiments in microbiology that we can’t even do here. There isn't enough equipment in the laboratories, and the equipment they have is out of date. How am I going to compete for jobs with people who have practical research experience? I think the extra tuition will be a good investment.

  Speaking

  the woman expresses her opinion of the announcement made by the university president. State her opinion and explain the reasons she gives for holding that opinion.

  Key points from reading

  • University announces to increase tuitions

  • Reason 1: more students/more professors

  • Reason 2: renovate and upgrade lab facilities

  key points from listening

  • Agree

  • Classes are overcrowded, so students cannot get personal attention.

  • Lab facilities are limited right now, so she cannot get the practical lab experience she will need to compete for a job.

  Sample Response 1

  It shows that the university has increased the tuition fee, but the student also can get a lot of benefit from the actual fees. For example, this woman mentioned the class he attended is much smaller than before, before she even can get a seat. The second one is the university can provide better qualification, and it is helpful to looking for a good job. For example, before the university’s facility is limited, and a lot of thing is out date, it is…

  Sample Response 2

  She is right increasing tuition because her opinion is the class is smaller, and more professor can’t teach them, and her major is biology, it is especially needs the smaller class, so she is very, her opinion is agree with this situations.

  音频听完了相信大家应该能够判断出sample 1不管是从句子的完整性、回答的长度还是语言的清晰度来说都比sample 2要好一些,可是考生的语言运用还不够准确,并且复述的信息和考试所给材料有较大的出入,所以在实际考试中只能拿到2分的成绩。我们来一起看一下ETS给出的两分评分标准。

  回答概述

  回答和题目要求有一定关联,但是回答中遗漏了一些相关信息或不准确的信息。虽然表达中有一些清晰的表达,但是有时回答较模糊,并且不太连贯使意思含混不清。这一分数的回答至少包括右边列出的两个特点。

  语言表达

  话语有时较清晰,但是语音、语调或语速上存在问题,听者需要费力去听。回答自始至终缺乏持续性, 回答不清晰会影响回答部分内容的理解。

  语言使用

  回答在词汇和语法的使用上有局限性(虽然用了一些复杂结构,但是有错误)。这导致了相关论点的表达不够清楚,内容的连接不够准确。考生仅仅能不假思索地表达一些短语或词组。

  话题发展

  回答表达了一些相关信息,但是不够完整不够准确。不完整是因为回答遗漏了关键论点,对关键论点指代不明,或重要信息的展开不足。回答不准确说明考生没有理解题目的要求。所以为了充分理解所讨论的话题,熟悉题目要求就显得很重要。

  由此可见三分和两分最大的差别就是考生对于材料中所给出的信息是否能够准确且完整的进行复述。

  下面我们来分析一下sample 2,这是一个典型的1分回答。我们来看下ETS对于1分回答的具体描述。

  回答概述:回答不论是在内容和连贯性上都有一定的局限性,基本和题目的要求没有联系。回答在很大程度上不清楚。这一分数的回答至少包括右边列出的两个特点。

  语言表达:回答在发音和语调上有较大问题,这使得听者需要费很大力气来听,并且是意思含混不清。表达断断续续而且不连贯,回答充满了频繁的停顿和犹豫。

  语言使用:语法和词汇上的局限性严重地影响论点的表达。此分数段的考生使用零星的词汇或较短的句子来表达论点。

  话题发展:回答中相关内容表达有限并且不准确,表达又是一直重复题目要求。

  最后0分回答我们就不用多说啦,依旧和独立口语一样,如果我们保持沉默不回答,或者回答与题目要求无关就只能拿0分。

  如果同学们想在综合部分想冲击高分,除了较好的表达能力之外,最主要的还是要有过硬的阅读和听力实力,这样才能理解阅读材料和听力材料的要点并准确的回答问题。如果读不懂、听不懂那么就只能得到2分或者1分了,所以在平常的练习过程当中,切莫一味依赖模版,提升整体复述总结能力才是王道。

  最后给大家整理了几个小小的托福口语备考tips:

  1.培养skimming能力,快速理解阅读文本的主要内容(如第三题中主要抓学生建议、学校观点及简单理由,第四题主要抓术语的概念)并适当做笔记。

  2.训练listening for details,抓听力材料中的主要内容(第三题主要记学生的态度及理由,第四题及例子,第五题记问题及解决方案,第六题只需要记教授所讲的概念的两个点及相关例子即可)

  3.扫读题干要求

  4.总结模版

  5.精听后尝试限时复述听力材料的主要内容。

  以上就是天道小编为大家带来的托福口语低分范例解读,希望同学们能够通过示例了解导致低分的因素,针对性的调节备考托福口语的方法!更多托福考试资讯及备考技巧,敬请关注天道教育官网。

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