天道首页 > 托福考试 > 托福写作

托福写作的十一种独特开头方式助你轻松点明主题

责任编辑:tingting.guan来源:互联网时间:2018-06-24 11:55:56点击:

对于托福写作来说,开头段需要简明扼要陈述全文主旨,点明主题,这个时候如何说出第一句话就很重要了。小编为大家梳理托福写作的11种独特开头方式,让你的托福写作从最开始就给考官眼前一亮。

关键词: 托福考试托福写作开头托福备考技巧

  对于托福写作来说,开头段需要简明扼要陈述全文主旨,点明主题,这个时候如何说出第一句话就很重要了。小编为大家梳理托福写作的11种独特开头方式,让你的托福写作从最开始就给考官眼前一亮。

托福写作的十一种独特开头方式助你轻松点明主题

  一 用副词开头

  (1) 副词修饰全句

  Luckily, he didn’t know my phone number; otherwise, he would bother me.

  Incredibly, Helena got straight A in her school report this semester.

  Interestingly, cats and dogs can hardly get along well in a house.

  修饰全句常用的副词有:

  obviously / undoubtedly

  apparently / fortunately

  clearly / unfortunately

  incredibly / luckily

  unluckily / surprisingly

  frighteningly

  这些副词大多数表示说话人对全句的看法,在意思上相等与 “It is ... 形容词that ...” 。

  举个例子:

  Obviously, he is nervous about the test. =It is obvious that he is nervous about the test.

  Unfortunately, he tripped over and fell in the mud. =It is unfortunate that he tripped over and fell in the mud.

  (2) 强调副词

  Hurriedly, the man drew me a scratch map to show me the direction.

  Dangerously, the drunkard sped down the street.

  Slowly and gently, snowflakes were drifting down from the sky.

  (3) 副词表示某一领域

  Geographically, Canada is the biggest country in the world.

  Financially, she is independent, but emotionally she is dependent.

  二 用插入语开头,表示说话人的态度,或使句子的意思更加准确

  Strangely enough, Jennifer does not enjoy sunshine and beach.

  Generally speaking, winter in Vancouver is gloomy.

  类似的插入语有:

  no wonder,no doubt

  in other words,in my opinion

  in conclusion,in fact

  as a matter of fact

  三 用形容词、并列形容词或形容词短语开头,修饰句子的主语,表示主语的特征或状态

  Frantic, the young mother rushed out the door with the baby in her arms.

  Tasty and crisp, potato chip are a favorite snack for both children and adults.

  Happy at his good marks at school, the little boy skipped on his way home.

  Desperate and hopeless, the poor man committed suicide.

  四 用分词、分词短语开头

  (1) 修饰句子主语,表示主语所处的状态或主语同时进行的另一个较谓语动词次要的动作。

  Scared, the girl moved timidly and cautiously into the dark room.( 状态)

  Chased by my dear pet cat, the mouse dashed into a small hole.( 状态 )

  Spoiled by his parents, the naughty boy always insists on things he wants.( 状态)

  Puffing and hugging, he finished his run.( 另一动作)

  Looking at herself in the mirror, she fingered her silk scarf on her shoulder.( 另一动作)

  (2) 修饰谓语动词,表示原因、时间等。

  Lying down on the couch, he felt much relaxed.( 时间)

  Feeling bored, she turned on the TV and switched from channel to channel.( 原因)

  Wanting to find out the business hour, she called the store.( 原因)

  Having completed the form, he mailed it out immediately.( 时间)

  五 用介词短语开头,表示句子谓语动词发生的时间、地点、方式、原因、条件

  On seeing him approach, the girl immediately turned her face to a shop window

  pretending to look at something there.( 时间)

  Around the corner, a crowd gathered.( 地点)

  Unlike his father, Peter touches neither cigarettes nor alcohol.( 方式)

  Due to the limit of seats, he was not accepted.( 原因)

  In case of fire, use the stairways.( 条件)

  六 动词不定式开头,强调谓语动词动作的目的

  To celebrate the arrival of the Millennium, we held a grand party in the hotel.

  To show my trust on him, I deposited $ 10,000 into his bank account.

  七 用独立分词短语开头,使句子有正式的味道

  Birds singing in the tree, another routine day starts.

  Sea gulls flying over the water, the old fisherman flung his fishing meat into the open sea.

  A dog following them, the police searched every suspect.

  八 用过渡句开头,表示此句与上下句的关系

  Consequently, I slowed down to avoid a fine ticket.

  In fact, she was a kindhearted woman.

  九 用同位语开头,表示主句位于动词发生的时间、地点、原因、方式、条件等

  A signing officer of the bank, Jane signs her name hundreds of times each day at work.

  A TV addict, Jim watches TV movies one after another every evening until after midnight.

  十 用副词从句开头,表示主句谓语动词发生的时间、地点、原因、方式、条件

  When you are in need of help, give me a call.

  Wherever you go, I follow.

  Since your children love hamburgers and fries, we might as well eat in MacDonald.

  As if it were summer, everybody wear shorts and a T-shirt.

  In case that you get lost, call me at this number.

  十一 用名词从句开头,作整句的主语

  Whether you take the position or not makes great difference to me.

  Why I am unhappy is something I can’t explain.

  What they should do about the hole in the roof is their most pressing problem.

  以上就是关于托福写作的十一种独特开头方式,大家在参考借鉴这些技巧经验分享的同时,千万不要忽略了实操练习,要通过持续且有针对性的真题练习和反思才能达成托福写作水平的提升。

同学托福100+ 用这招超过他

大家都在关注

分享到:

  • 考试系列APP上线
  • 托福口语 短期提分终极武器

请输入验证码关闭

  • 考试系列APP上线

免责声明:①凡本站注明“本文来源:天道教育”的所有文字、图片和音视频稿件,版权均属本网所有,任何媒体、网站或个人未经本网协议授权不得转载、链接、转贴或以其他方式复制发表。已经本站协议授权的媒体、网站,在下载使用时必须注明“稿件来源:天道留学”,违者本站将依法追究责任。②本站注明稿件来源为其他媒体的文/图等稿件均为转载稿,本站转载出于非商业性的教育和科研之目的,并不意味着赞同其观点或证实其内容的真实性。如转载稿涉及版权等问题,请作者在两周内速来电或来函联系。

关于天道天道历史资质荣誉特色优势媒体报道企业招聘更多
培训服务北美课程北美课程特色英联邦课程英联邦课程特色天道培训优势更多
培训课程SAT课程托福课程雅思课程GRE课程GMAT课程更多
高分学员榜SAT高分学员托福高分学员雅思高分学员GRE高分学员GMAT高分学员更多
名师风采五星名师多对一教学加辅导海归+名校多年教学经验内部教材独家研发更多
");}(document);